Primary Principles in Patient Care Improvement

Throughout the past several decades, healthcare has advanced at astonishing rates. Patient treatment technologies and methodologies are reaching new heights. While procedures are advancing, there is an element of healthcare that’s stalled; non-medical patient care. In fact, nearly 100,000 deaths occur each year due to sub-standard patient safety and care. When broken down into annual costs, subpar patient safety standards result in $2 billion in lost productivity and related expenses. Despite the growing complexities in medical treatments, physician tools regarding patient care are surprisingly archaic. The majority of doctors and nurses must rely on their memory and paper tools to orchestrate proper patient care.

In the majority of medical facilities, the measuring patient safety and quality healthcare is accomplished via QI, or Quality Improvement, standards. The Institute of Medicine was founded to establish various benchmarks in quality initiatives in healthcare. The improve clinical data is believed to be based on four systems, which include:

Healthcare quality improvement in systems and processes is a principle in which patient care improvement analyzes the healthcare facility and how it carries out its patient care functions. Areas of improvement are highlighted through a three-step process. The first step is identifying facility resources, such as facility infrastructure and purpose. The second is determining: (1) What is Done within the facility, and (2) How these actions are done. Lastly, the results stemming from the first two elements are reviewed.


The extent to which patient expectations and needs are met is a vital quality measurement principle. To accurately interpret current levels of patient care, QI measures tend to review the following patient care elements:

Evidence-based patient care provisions
Level of patient safety in and out of treatment procedures
Level of patient engagement
Patient care coordination within the entire health care system
Patient-centric communication methods
Patient health history analysis and discussion

Medical teams that operate toward a uniform goal offer a higher level of patient care than disjointed teams. Therefore, the core of patient care is teamwork among medical professionals. In fact, the quality of teamwork within a health care facility directly influences the quality of patient care. Healthcare facilities must encourage teamwork. To achieve lasting improvements in patient care, contributions must be made from all medical staff. Of course, a team is only as strong as its infrastructure. With strong leaders, and precise (attainable) goals, entire departments may operate in a concise manner. Succinct behavior patterns yield inclusive patient care.


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